Molecular Formula Name of straight chain Synonyms 1 1 1 CH 4: methane: methyl hydride; natural gas 2 1 1 C 2 H 6: ethane: dimethyl; ethyl hydride; methyl methane 3 1 1 C 3 H 8: propane: dimethyl methane; propyl hydride 4 2 2 C 4 H 10: n-butane: butyl hydride; methylethyl methane 5 3 3 C 5 H 12: n-pentane: amyl hydride; Skellysolve A 6 5 5 C 6 H 14: n-hexane
An alkyl group is formed by removing one hydrogen from the alkane chain and is described by the formula C n H 2n +1. The removal of this hydrogen results in a stem change from -ane to -yl. Take a look at the following examples. The same concept can be applied to any of the straight chain alkane names provided in the table above. Identify and name simple (straight-chain) alkanes given formulas and write formulas for straight-chain alkanes given their names. We began our study of organic chemistry in Chapter 4 "Covalent Bonding and Simple Molecular Compounds" with the hydrocarbons The simplest organic compound, composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms only. , the simplest ...
Nov 17, 2013 · which of the following alkane names is correct? a)2-methyl-3-propylhexane b)1-methylnonane c)1,2-dimethylhexane d)4,5-dimethylpentane e)all of the above names are correct PLEASE HELP!!!!GOT STUCK ON IT
Straight-chain alkanes are named by using a stem that indicates the number of carbon atoms (meth = 1 C, eth = 2 C's, prop = 3 C's, etc.) to which is added the suffix -ane, indicating that the molecule is an alkane (that is, that the carbon atoms are all connected by single bonds). Thus, the word "propane" indicates that there are three carbon ... Steps for Writing the Molecular Formula of Straight Chain Alkanols. A molecular formula tells us the number of atoms of each element present in a molecule of the compound. For a straight-chain alkanol, only three elements are present, carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O). Aug 12, 2019 · To identify and name simple (straight-chain) alkanes given formulas and write formulas for straight-chain alkanes given their names. We begin our study of organic chemistry with the hydrocarbons , the simplest organic compounds, which are composed of carbon and hydrogen atoms only. Name the alkanes corresponding to the given molecular formular. ... Alkanes - Organic Chemistry. Name the alkanes corresponding to the given molecular formular. Dec 26, 2007 · Branched alkanes are named as a straight-chain alkane with attached alkyl groups. They are prefixed with a number indicating the carbon the group is attached to, counting from the end of the alkane chain. Infixed is the name of the substituent, as for alkanes in the table above, plus "-yl".